Rule 1: Treat every firearm as loaded

  • Keep your finger off the trigger; always point the muzzle in a safe direction; open the action and inspect the chamber and magazine.
  • Do not take anyone’s word that a firearm is unloaded.
  • Check every firearm yourself. Only pass or accept a firearm that has the muzzle pointed in a safe direction; the action open; and is not loaded.
  • If you do not know how to open a firearm, leave it alone.
  • Keep clear of the muzzle.
  • If it is someone else’s, ask them to show you that it is empty.
  • A firearm must be open and empty before you pass it to or accept it from anyone (see Picture).